## Earliest Uses of Various Mathematical SymbolsThese pages have been copied from a now defunct source. Some of the links may not work
These pages show the names of the individuals who first used
various common mathematical symbols, and the dates the symbols first
appeared. The most important written source is the definitive
A History of Mathematical Notations by
Florian Cajori.
- Symbols of operation, including +, -, X, division, exponents, radical symbol, dot and vector product
- Grouping symbols, including (), [], {}, vinculum
- Symbols of relation, including =, >, <
- Fractions, including decimals
- Symbols for various constants, such as π,
*i, e,*0 - Symbols for variables
- Symbols to represent various functions, such as log, ln, γ, absolute value; also the
*f(x)*notation - Symbols used in geometry
- Symbols used in trigonometry; also symbols for hyperbolic functions
- Symbols used in calculus
- Symbols for matrices and vectors
- Set notation and logic
- Symbols used in number theory
- Symbols used in probability and statistics
Assistance for this page has been provided by Julio González Cabillón, John Aldrich, Avinoam Mann, Eddie Mizzi, Fred E. Wadley, Giovanni Ferraro, Judy Ann Brown, Len Berggren, Manoel Almeida, Michael Closs, Milo Gardner, Paul Pollack, and Samuel S. Kutler. The page was created by Jeff Miller, a teacher at Gulf High School in New Port Richey, Florida. |